How Does The 2017 “Tax Cut and Jobs Act” Affect YOU?Posted on November 4th, 2018
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So first, how does the The 2017 “Tax Cut and Jobs Act” affect small businesses? Let’s take a look. Assume the following:
- You and your spouse are 50% owners in your Sub-Chapter S (1120S) business.
- Each of you takes a $25,000 annual salary
- The Net Income of the business is $50,000, so each of you reports 50% of the business Net Income on your K-1 on your personal (1040) tax return.
- You do not have enough deductions to itemize on your tax return, so can take only the standard deduction.
Based on the above assumptions, here is what your tax liability would have been in 2017:
Based on your total gross income of $100,000 (salaries plus net income), and the standard deduction in 2017 of $12,700 and 2 exemptions of $4,050 (total of $20,800) for a married couple filing jointly, your taxable income becomes $79,200, resulting in taxes due of $11,278.
Now, in 2018, not only were tax rates reduced in all tax brackets, but the standard deduction was increased to $24,000 for a married couple filing jointly, while the exemptions were eliminated. Also, for small businesses, an additional credit is available based on of 20% of business net income. In this case based on the above assumptions, this credit would amount to $10,000, resulting in Taxable Income of $66,000, and taxes due of $7,539, or a decrease in taxes of $3,739 in 2018.
But what if you don’t own a business, how would the tax cuts affect you? Assume now that you each have an annual salary of $50,000, so total gross income of $100,000:
Your taxable income is now $76,000, resulting in taxes due of $8,739, or a decrease of $2,539 from 2017.
Clearly, this tax cut act does benefit both small businesses and individuals, just something to consider as we approach the mid-term elections. As to how tax cuts affect the economy, obviously, it depends on who you ask. But below are some charts created from historical government statistical data.
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